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Register for the Spring and Summer Term, 1873, 

ooJO^Oo— — 


His Excellency, the Governor. 

Gardiner G. Hubbard, A. M., Cambridge. 

His Honor, the Lieutenant Governor. 

Rev. William Rice, A. M., Springfield. 

Hon. Edward S. Gillett, Westfield. 

Hon. C. C. Esty, A. M., Framingham. 

John D. Philrrick, LL.D., Boston. 

Rev. Phillips Brooks, Boston. 

Hon. Joseph White, LL. D., Sec'y and Treas'r. 

Hon. Henry Chapin, Worcester. 

Rev. Samuel C. Jackson, D. D., Assist. Sec'y. 

Rev. A. A. Miner, D. D., Boston. 

Abner J. Phipps, Ph. D., Agent, West Medford. 


Rev. A. A. Miner, D. D., Boston. Rev. Phillips Brooks, Boston. 

Hon. Joseph White, LL.D., Boston. 



Daniel B. Hagar, Ph. D., Principal. 

Sophia 0. Driver. 

Ellen M. Dodge. 

Harriet L. Martin. 

Mary E. Webb. 

E. Adelaide Towle. 

Caroline J. Cole. 

Harriet D. Allen. 

MaRy IS". Plumer. 

Mary A. Currier, Teacher of Elocution. 



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Margarel E. Currier, Lynn. 

Susan F. Kimball, No. Andover. 

Lucy C. Eliott, Charlestown. 

Ruth A. Morrill, East Salisbury. 

Adele E. Fabens, Salem. 

Ellen M. Pierce, Salem. 

Sarah M. Girdler, Beverly. 

Mary E. Poore, South Lawrence. 

Jessie Gird wood, New Bedford. 

Irme S. Wardwell, Andover. 11 

Elizabeth N. Jones, Georgetown. 

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Margaret A. D 

unn, Salem. 

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Cordelia P. G. Beers, Swampscott. 

Annis G. King, Lynn. 

Adelaide A. Betts, Chelsea. 

Leona C. Kyle, Lowell. 

Harriet E. Carleton, Salem. 

Laura E. Lee, Lowell. 

Harriet A. Cate, Wakefield. 

Mary S. Low, East Boston. 

Sarah A. Coburn, Haverhill. 

Emma M. Lunt, Newburyport. 

Annie L. Collins, Maiden. 

Harriet E. Marsins, Swampscott. 

Ida C. Currier, Middleton. 

Dora B. McCausland, Peabody. 

Annie Cutts, Lynn. 

Eunice E. Morse, Georgetown. 

Harriet R. Edgar, Manchester. 

Cora F. Nichols, Manchester, N. H. 

Alice B. Gilman, Manchester. 

, Alice M. Osgood, Salem. 

Mary L. Gorten, Haverhill. 

Caroline F. Roberts, Swampscott. 

Emma R. Gushee, Manchester. 

Carrie H. Rugg, Sterling. 

Grace C. Hadley, Gloucester. 

Mary E. Schellenger, Stockholm, N.Y. 

Rebecca T. Hawkes, Saugus Centre. 

Sarah E. Stevenson, Lowell. 

Sarah I. Hewes, Lynnfield Centre. 

Alice S. Teel, Peabody. 

Henrietta F. Hinckley, Chelsea. 

Imogene F. Thomas, Lowell. 

'Faustena M. Horton, Ipswich. 

S. Dora Thurston, Newburyport. 

Sarah J. Kimball, Peabody. 

Sarah E. Wilkins, Lynnfield Centre. 



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Ella J. Averell, Salem. 

Clementine H. Bowers, Lowell. # 

Esther E. Barry, Wakefield. 

Georgianna Burnham, Salem. 

Annie W. Bodfish, Nantucket. 

Jennie Colburn, Somerville. 


Mary J. Copeland, Lynnfield. 
Abbie E. French, Lowell. 
Hannah V. Hathaway, New Bedford, 
Sophia C. Harris, Salem. 
Rosamond Hewes, Lynn. 
May C. Hyde, Lowell. 
Kate L. Lord, Ipswich. 
Gertrude A. Lovejoy, Lowell. 
Emma S. Manning, Rockport. 
Elizabeth K. McFarland, Salem. 

Mary Andrews, Saco, Me. 
Lizzie L. Batcheller, Lynn. 
Josephine A. Bassett, Salem. 
Anna E. Boynton, Pepperell. 
Emma E. Burnham, Gloucester, 
Abbie L. Chapman, Charlestown. 
Kate E. Chase, Salem. 
Lela D. Cilley, Kingston, N. H. 
Genevieve Cook, Gloucester. 
Caroline I. Creesy, Salem. 
Clara P. Dalton, East Somerville. 
Sarah C. Dorchester, Lowell. [N. H. 
Frances A. Drew, Sandwich Centre. 
Caroline H. Garland, Dover, 1ST. H. 
Annie E. George, West Hampstead, 

ST. H. 
Caroline E. Goodridge, Salem. 
Elizabeth J. Graves, North Reading. 
Elizabeth E. Graves, Salem. 
Helen L. Ham, Lowell. 
Yiola A. Hamblet, Lowell. 
Winnie Harris, Freetown. 
Deborah C. Ingersoll, Salem. 
Lucy A. Johnson, Marblehead. 
Annie W. Kelly, West Amesbury. 
Nellie B. Kellman, Salem. 
Emeline A. Langley, Lynn. 
Florence L. Lovett, Lowell. 
Carrie F. Lucas, Lanesville. 
Phebe M. Lyon, Lynn. 

Abbie H. Morrill, East Salisbury. 
Abbie H. Mott, Swampscott. 
Hannah M. Norris, Salem. [N. H. 
Georgianna Patterson, W. Henniker, 
Emma C. Perkins, Wakefield. 
Maria Perkins, Hampton, N. H. 
Abbie E. Southwick, Newburyport. 
Helen A. Walton, Seabrook, N. H. 
Clara P. Wardwell, Salem. 25 

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Elise Mac Kaye, New York, N. Y. 
Ruth A. Mayo, Gloucester. 
Lucia G. Mclntire, Reading. 
Helen B. Munroe, Lynnfield. 
Rebecca F. Nickerson, Cambridgep't 
Lizzie A. Nolan, Lowell. 
Emma L. Noyes, Atkinson, N. H. 
Kate T. Patterson, Beverly. 
Martha A. Patterson, Beverly. 
Marietta D. Paul, Newburyport. 
Harriet E. Perry, Mansfield. 
Sarah F. Proctor, Nashua, N. H. 
Susan L. Pulsifer, Salem. 
Mary A. Putnam, North Reading. 
Eliza J. Rice, Salem. 
Marcella A. Roberts, Salem. 
Estelle S. Rogers, Natick. 
Lucy J. Ropes, Methuen. 
Lucy A. Savage, Somerville. 
Addie E. Smith, Exeter, N. H. 
Harriet L. Smith, Salem. 
Mary A. Stoddard, Lynn. 
Caroline N. Tarr, Salem. 
Lucy A. Tuttle, Hamilton. 
Harriet L. Twombly, Maplewood. 
Jessie A. Upton, Lowell. 
Mary D. Webster, Chester, N. H. 
Sarah E. Whipple, Ashburnham. 
Caroline E. Whitney, Salem. 
Jessie Zoller, Washington, D. C. 59 


Cora V. Barnard, Lowell. 
Effie J. Batchelder, North Reading. 
M;u\ Lois Batchelderj No. Reading. 
Saran A. Bond, East Boston. 

Sarah E. Bowler, Attica, Ind. 
Nellie A. Brown, So. Groveland. 
Annie F. Bnrnham, Beverly. 
Carrie D. Center, Gloucester. 
Fannie E. Chase, Lynn. 
Jennie G. Crane, Salem. [Me, 

Ellen A. Cummings, Fort Fairfield, 
Sarah E. Curtis, Newburyport. 
Emma J. Daggett, Lowell. 
Lizzie E. Farmer, Salem. 
Amelia B. Fisher, Kobbinston, Me. 
Sarah O. Fitch, Peabody. 
Ida F. Flint, W. Peabody. 
Mary A. Foster, North Andover. 
Mary E. Glidden, Gloucester. 
Ida T. Hardy, Lowell. 
Mary A. Haskell, Essex. 
Elizabeth A. Llowe, Petersham. 
Alice P. Jackman, Salem. [N. H- 
Martha A. Jackson, Centre Harbor, 
Helen H. Kershaw, Lawrence. 
Emma C. Kidder, Tyngsborough. 
Nellie M. Kohawn, Lowell. 
Annie G. Lauriat, Medford. 
Margarette M. Leighton, Boston. 
Elizabeth N. Lord, Salem. 
Ada L. Miles, Lowell. 
Irene A. Milton, Lynn. 


Emily B. Mitchell, Calais, Me. 
Carrie L. Moar, Londonderry, N. H 
Martha Morrill, Peabody. 
Ella F. Morrison, Newburyport. 
Abbie F. Moulton, Dover, N. II. 
Laura T. Norwood, E. Gloucester. 
Frances J. Pearson, Newburyport. 
Martha P. Perkins, Hampton, N. H. 
Ida F. Porter, Swampscott. 
Helen S. Prime, Rowley. 
Henrietta A. Proctor, W. Peabody. 
Kate B. Ramsay, Charlestown. 
Susan A. Ready, Maiden. 
Carrietta Rhodes, Lynn. 
Lizzie P. Richards, Wenham. 
Eva M. Robinson, E. Gloucester. 
Susan T. Sanborn, Salem. 
Marcia M. Selman, Marblehead. 
Mary I. Spalding, Billerica. 
Carrie E. Thorn, Salem Depot, N. H 
Mary A. Thorn, Salem Depot, N. H. 
Ella M. Towne, Topsfield. 
Annie F. Treadwell, Salem. 
Elizabeth H. Tuttle, Salem. 
Annie C. Yose, Robbinston, Me. 
Florence Weeks, Salem. 
Mercena F. Whitehorn, Lowell. 
Carrie G. Williams, Newburyport. 
Jennie F. Woodbury, Peabody. 
Laura S. Woodbury, Hamilton. 
Mary S. Young, Salem. 63 

Advanced Class - - - 11. 

Special Student - 1. 

Class A, (Senior), 36. 

Class B, - 25. 

Class C, - 59. 

Class D, ... . 63. 

Whole number for the term, - 195 

Whole number for the year, - - 240 


This Institution was established by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, with 
the liberal co-operation of the City of Salem and the Eastern Railroad Company, 
for the direct preparation of Female Teachers to instruct in the Common and 
High Schools required by law. It is under the charge of the State Board of 
Education, and of a special Board of Visitors. During the period that has 
elapsed since the reception of the first Class, in September, 1854, one thousand 
six hundred fifteen Ladies have been members of the School; and of these, 
seven hundred twenty-eight have received diplomas, upon the honorable comple- 
tion of the prescribed course of study. 

School ST e a t anH STerms. 

The School Year is divided into two terms, each containing nineteen weeks of 
study, with a week's recess near the middle of the term. 

The next Term will commence on Tuesday, August 26, 1873, and will close 
on Tuesday, January 13, 1874. 

The following Term will commence on Tuesday, February 10, 1874, and will 
close on Tuesday, July 7, 1874. 

The present term will close on Tuesday, July 1, 1873, with public exercises 
of Examination and Graduation, commencing at 9 o'clock, A. M. 

& ft m i s s i o n . 

Candidates for admission must be at least sixteen years of age ; must present a 
satisfactory certificate of good moral character and of their presumed qualifications 
for admission to the school ; must declare their full intention of faithfully ob- 
serving the regulations of the School, during their connection with it, and of 
afterwards teaching in the. public schools of Massachusetts;* and must pass a 
satisfactory examination in Reading, Spelling, Defining, Writing, Arithmetic, 
English Grammar, Geography, and the History of the United States. A greater 

* Ladies designing to teach in other States or in private schools are admitted on the 
condition of paying $15 a term for tuition. 


age ami higher attainments than those prescribed, with some experience in teach- 
ing, render the course of study in the Institution still more useful. 

Especial attention should be. given to these requirements, as they will be 

The next Examination for admission will take place on Tuesday, August 26, 
l8?o, commencing at 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Ladies who purpose to apply for admission at that time, are requested to 
notify the Principal of their intention as early as possible. 

dtoupe of StuT>». 

The Board of Education, by a vote passed January 9, 186(i, prescribed the 
following Course of Study for the State Normal Schools : 

"The time of the course extends through a period of two years; and is di- 
vided into terms of twenty weeks each, with daily sessions of not less than five 
hours, five days each week. 


First Term. 

1. Arithmetic, oral and written, begun. 

2. Geometry, begun. 

3. Chemistry. 

4. Grammar and Analysis of the English Language. 

Second Term. 

1. Arithmetic completed; Algebra begun. 

2. Geometry completed; Geography and History begun. 

3. Physiology and Hygiene. 

4. Grammar and Analysis completed. 

5. Lessons once or twice a week in Botany and Zoology. 

Third Term. 

1. Algebra completed; Book-keeping. 

2. Geography and History completed. 

3. Natural Philosophy. 

4. Rhetoric and English Literature. 

5. Lessons once or twice a week in Mineralogy and Geology. 

Fourth Term. 

1. Astronomy. 

2. Mental and Moral Science, — including the principles and art of Reasoning. 

3. Theory and Art of Teaching,— including: 

( 1. ) Principles and Methods of Instruction. 
(2.) School Organization and Government. 
(3.) School Laws of Massachusetts. 

4. The Civil Polity of Massachusetts and the United States. 


In connection with the foregoing, constant and careful attention to he given 
throughout the course to drawing and delineations on the blackboard; music; 
spelling, with derivations and definitions ; reading, including analysis of sounds 
and vocal gymnastics ; and writing. 

The Latin and French languages may be pursued as optional studies, but not 
to the neglect of the English coarse. 

General exercises in composition, gymnastics, object lessons, &c, to be con- 
ducted in such a manner and at such times as the Principals shall deem best. 

Lectures on the different branches pursued, and on related topics, to be given 
by gentlemen from abroad, as the Board or the Visitors shall direct, and also 
by the teachers and more advanced scholars. 

The order ofcthe studies in the course may be varied in special cases, with 
the approval of the Visitors." 

^bbauccb Course. 

Graduates of the regular course who desire to prepare themselves for the higher 
departments of teaching, are permitted to take an advanced course, which occu- 
pies two years, and includes instruction and training in the Latin, French, and 
German languages, the higher mathematics, and the other branches required to 
be taught in the high schools of Massachusetts. Graduates of the School who 
may desire to take the Advanced Course are requested to communicate with the 
Principal as early as possible. 

A new Advanced Class will be organized at the commencement of the Fall Term. 

giims alto Utei^obs ai Hiubg ana draining. 

The ends chiefly aimed at in this school are, the acquisition of the necessary 
knowledge of the Principles and Methods of Education, and of the various 
branches of study, the attainment of skill in the art of teaching, and the 
general development of the mental powers. 

From the beginning to the end of the course, all studies are conducted with 
especial reference to the best ways of teaching them. Recitations, however ex- 
cellent, are not deemed satisfactory, unless every pupil is able to teach others 
that which she has herself learned. In every study the pupils in turn occupy 
temporarily the place of teacher of their classmates, and are subjected to their 
criticisms as well as those of their regular teacher. Teaching exercises of va- 
rious kinds form a large and important part of the school work. During the 
Senior term, object lessons are given to classes of primary school children, so that 


every pupil obtains, before graduating, considerable experience in teaching chil- 
dren to observe, think, and give expression to thought. 

Nearly all the studies arc conducted upon the topical plan. Text-books are 
used, to a large extent, an books of reference. The committing of text-books to 
memory is avoided as far as possible, the scholars being trained to depend upon 
thoughts rather than words. 

A great object of the school is to make the pupils investigate, think, and 
speak for themselves; to make them independent, self-reliant, and ready to meet 
whatever difficulties may arise. 


The discipline of the school is made as simple as possible. Pupils are ex- 
pected to govern themselves ; to do without compulsion what is required, and 
to refrain voluntarily from all improprieties of conduct. Those who are unwil- 
ling to conform cheerfully to the known wishes of the Principal and his Assis- 
tants, are presumed to be unlit to become teachers. 

It is not deemed necessary to awaken a feeling of emulation, in order to in- 
duce the scholars to perform their duties faithfully. The ranking of scholars 
according to their comparative success in their studies, is not here allowed. 
Faithful attention to duty is encouraged for its own sake, not for the purpose 
of obtaining certain marks of credit. 

promotions anb (Srabuattons. 

Promotions from one class to another are made at the close of each term by 
means of thorough written examinations. These examinations include every 
study pursued during the term, and the result in each study must be satisfac- 
tory to entitle the pupil to advance to the study next in order. In the Senior 
term, a special examination is had in all the branches taught in the common 
schools, and only those who pass it successfully are permitted to graduate. 
Young ladies who possess good natural abilities and right habits of study, find 
no serious difficulties in passing the required examinations. 

Ittkarg, ^pparatns, anb g$itsemn. 

The Institution has a valuable Library, containing, in works for general ref- 
erence and reading, and in text-books, about eight thousand volumes. It has, 


also, a fair supply of philosophical apparatus, and a Museum containing a large 
collection of specimens illustrating various departments of science. 

The friends of the higher education of women can confer a great benefit upon 
the Institution by making donations to its Library and Museum. Any aid in 
this direction will be gratefully acknowledged. 

A room has just been handsomely fitted up and furnished for the purpose of 
affording facilities /or instruction and training in the higher departments of 
drawing. A large number of beautiful casts, models and patterns have been 
obtained from London, and have been conveniently arranged in the room, thus 
giving to the members of the School advantages not heretofore enjoyed. 

€#sc£ institute arcb IpeHbxrbg ^cabmtg of Jsriencc 

The important advantages offered by these well known and most useful Institu- 
tions are freely enjoyed by the members of the Normal School. The large and, in 
some respects, unequalled Museum and Cabinet belonging to the Institute and 
Academy, affords rare opportunities for studies in various departments of Science ; 
and the instructive meetings of the Essex Institute for the discussion of Historical 
and Scientific subjects, possess great value for all who are interested in the study 
of History and of Nature. 

Prof. F. W. Putnam, Curator of the Peabody Academy of Science, and Prof. 
A. S. Packard, of the same Institution, will give to the Advanced and Senior 
Classes, lessons in Natural History, illustrating the several subjects by scientific 
dissections of the animals studied, the dissections to be made by the several 
pupils, under the direction of the instructor. The value of the opportunities 
thus afforded for becoming acquainted with the structure of animals, can hardly 
be over-estimated. 

<$*gertses, glib, #t. 

Tuition is free to those who comply with the condition of teaching in the public 
Schools of Massachusetts, wherever they may have previously resided. A small 
fee ($2.00) is paid by each pupil at the beginning of the term, for incidental 

The text-books required are mostly furnished, without charge, from the School 
Library. It is recommended, however, that pupils should bring with them, 


for purposes of reference and comparison, the text-books which they havo already 
studied ; and they should, ('specially, be provided with a Bible, a Dictionary, and 
a recent Atlas. 

The price which is paid by the pupils for board, (not usually including 
washing, or separate fire and lights,) varies from $4.00 to $5.00 per week, 
according to the accommodations furnished. Pupils who prefer to board them- 
selves can obtain good rooms for one dollar a week. 

Pupils who come to the School daily by railroad, obtain season tickets 
at one half of the usual rates, except on the Boston & Maine road and its branches- 

For the assistance of those who would find even the moderate expense of the 
School burdensome, the Commonwealth makes an annual appropriation of a 
thousand dollars. One half of this amount is distributed at the close of each 
term, among pupils from Massachusetts who merit and need the aid, in sums 
varying according to the distance of their residences from Salem, but not ex- 
ceeding in any case $1.50 per week. In this distribution, the first term of a 
pupil's connection with the School is not reckoned, unless she enters prepared to 
complete the prescribed course of study in less than two years- 

Aid is also rendered, in cases of special merit and need, from the income of the 
fund of Five Thousand Dollars, for which the School is indebted to the munificent 
bequest of Nathaniel I. Bowditch, Esq., of Brookline. 

Salem, May, 1873. 


The next term of the State Normal 
School at Salem, Mass., will commence 
with an examination of candidates for 
admission, on Tuesday, August 26, 1873. 

This Institution is open to Ladies not 
less than sixteen years of age, (without 
limit as to place of residence,) who may 
wish to pursue a Course of Study prepar- 
atory to the work of teaching in Common 
or High Schools. To all who intend to 

teach in the Public Schools of Massachu- 
setts, Tuition is Free. Text books are 
mostly furnished from the Library of the 
School without charge. From the State 
Appropriation and other sources, pecuni- 
ary aid is given to all needy and deserving 

For Circulars, or further information, 

D. B. HAGAR, Principal.